Mary Ainsworth’s work on attachment identified three attachment categories (secure, insecure avoidant, and insecure ambivalent/resistant). The development of the disorganized/disoriented classification evolved as a part of Mary Main’s doctoral research in which she noticed that approximately 10% of infants in Ainsworth’s Strange Situation Procedure were difficult to classify.1 Disorganized attachment is an additional attachment
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most widely used evidence-based treatment for depression and anxiety.
In CBT, the focus is on thoughts, and how they directly affect emotions, and behaviors. If you are having a lot of negative thoughts, you are likely to have a lot of negative feelings.
During cognitive behavioral treatment, you and your
When our children come to us with a problem, we usually want to help them. So we console, interpret, advise, distract or praise. Other times, we feel we must teach our children, and so we interrogate, lecture, moralize or order. And probably more often than we’d like, we respond angrily—blaming, criticizing, ridiculing, shaming or
Your Reaction to “The New Normal”: Are My Thoughts And Feelings Normal?
How Are You? No, Really, How are you?
The answer to this question is often a resounding, “Eh.” As therapists, we see the silver lining in this: emotional honesty (we can see your eye roll). We have found that because we are in a
Anxiety and fear are a normal part of human experience.
We all face feelings of fear and anxiety in situations like starting a new job or public speaking, or we may experience fear if we are in a dangerous situation. Anxiety can motivate us to make sure we are prepared for challenges, and fear can
Infidelity can often feel like the end of your relationship. However, it doesn’t always have to mean that the relationship is over. Couples can and do work through infidelity. It’s not an easy process. However, with the help of therapy, it can be done. In fact, you may discover that coming together after infidelity
Albert Ellis’s ABC Model is a major part of his rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT). REBT served as a sort of precursor to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and the ABC Model is now a treatment commonly used in CBT interventions.
This article will cover what the ABC Model is, how it and REBT relate to CBT, and
Can you make the old adage work for you?
You know how the adage goes, you’re just not sure if it’s the wisest thing someone has ever said about love, or complete nonsense.
“‘Tis better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all.” — Alfred Lord Tennyson
You might not know much about
The Ethics of Therapist Marketing
Exploring therapists’ resistance to marketing themselves based on a cultural taboo that they perceive.
Therapist Website Design and Marketing Explained
Steve Jobs once said “Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great
In a letter to Carl Jung that was recently made public on the Web, Bill Wilson, founder of A.A., reminds Jung of a conversation that Jung had 30 years before with one of his patients who was an alcoholic: “That conversation between you was to become the first link in the chain of events
The Oedipus complex, or Oedipal complex, is one of Freud’s most famous theories. Even if you don’t know anything else about the psychologist, you’ve probably heard it mentioned. And yet, chances are, you aren’t quite sure what it means. It has something weird to do with desiring your mother, right? Kind of, but not
You might think that digital technologies, often considered a product of ‘the West’, would hasten the divergence of Eastern and Western philosophies. But within the study of Vedanta, an ancient Indian school of thought, I see the opposite effect at work. Thanks to our growing familiarity with computing, virtual reality (VR) and artificial intelligence
The main treatments for people with PTSD are psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of the two. Everyone is different, so a treatment that works for one person may not work for another. Some people may need to try different treatments to find what works best for their symptoms. Regardless of what treatment option you
Medical marijuana has many different benefits. It has been found to help people with nausea, chronic pain, and anxiety. It is also a treatment option for people with depression. If you are considering medical marijuana for depression, then it is important to understand the roles of both THC and CBD.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabinol (CBD)
Many people who have heard of ketamine have negative associations with the drug. It is a derivative of the hallucinogenic drug PCP, and for awhile it was a very popular club drug. However, that’s not how the story of the drug began, nor is it where the story should end. In the right doses,
Often in life, to be successful it doesn’t require doing more. It requires you to stop. To eliminate the waste in your life.
In a culture hardwired to “do it all”, it can be counterintuitive to do less. It goes against everything we’ve been told to do. Try harder, do more.
One man that lived nearly
Antisocial personality disorder is diagnosed based on meeting criteria described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual on Mental Disorders, the book that mental health professionals use to assess patients. Although the fifth edition (DSM-5) was published in 2012, some clinicians continue to use the fourth edition (DSM-IV) in making diagnoses.
To assess a person for
People who are resilient tend to be flexible – flexible in the way that they think about challenges, and flexible in the way that they react emotionally to stress. They are not wedded to a specific style of coping. Instead, they shift from one coping strategy to another depending upon the circumstances. Many are
By any measure, Elon Musk is exceptionally successful. Having cofounded and sold PayPal, he quickly moved on to launching a range of ventures with world-changing aspirations for how we generate energy, transport ourselves and our goods, interface with machines, and explore our solar system. These ventures are unified in their vision — really more
Can proper nutrition improve my mental health?
When fighting anxiety, stress, or depression you need to have a secure support network and reliable people in your corner. An understanding therapist and trustworthy friends and family are definitely on the top of the list. Someone you may not think about adding to your team is a
Is it for you? What you need to know about this useful and practical therapy style.
Do you often deny your feelings, avoid issues, or struggle with your inner emotions? Often think that your hardships are “unfair” or that you always get the short end of the stick? Want to learn how to face concerns
Has Life Changed that Much in the Last 150 years?
If we go back in time to pre-Civil War era United States, we would see a country that is a 180 degrees different than the United States in 2008. The powerful, upper crust of society was dominated by the large plantation owners and slavery was
I’ve been doing a lot of research lately on the effects of xenoestrogens, so the headline from the Globe and Mail wasn’t that shocking.
Humanity at Risk, it shouts: Are the Males Going First? The answer, like a bizarre take on the movie Children of Men (where the human race stops having children), is a
“In a game of give and get,” the PhysOrg.com reporter emphasizes: “The brains of people with borderline personality disorder often don’t get it.”
The interactive game to which he is referring was developed at the Baylor University College of Medicine and uses money to evaluate levels of trust between the players, according to a recent
There’s a big difference between being interested in something, and being ‘obsessed’ with it. We may not often recognize obsessive behaviors at first. However, they are often linked to different areas of anxiety. With that in mind, it’s important to understand why you might have obsessive thoughts, and where they come from.
Once you know
Becoming a parent is one of the most incredible experiences of anyone’s life. It completely changes things, and that’s more than just an old saying. It can alter the way you think about yourself, your partner, and life in general! While it can be a wonderful change, sometimes parenting can become overwhelming.
Whether you’re a
The fear of failure can be an intense feeling that can make it difficult to achieve your goals. The “what if” can stop even the most motivated person in their tracks and cause them to not reach their full potential. The fear of failure can come about any time we’re unsure of the
Being a parent isn’t easy. You’re expected to excel in a career and juggle the stressors of daily life, all while caring for a child that has little or no ability to care for themselves. It’s impossible to do it all. The laundry doesn’t get done, or you eat take out for dinner a
People reason with themselves and others when it comes to staying in a relationship. It may have been magical and perfect when you first got together. But over time, things started to fall apart. You may be making excuses for yourself, or your partner at this point, but the bottom line is; you know
For some reason, most people don’t associate depression and anxiety with geriatric people as much as they do during other phases of life. No one can be blamed for this, really. It can be harder to identify these disorders in older adults for a variety of reasons.
The biggest reason the disorders are so
Humans were made to live in harmony with nature. Unfortunately, this relationship has deteriorated due to rapid damage to the environment, obsession with technology and the fear of the unknown, which makes people avoid outdoors.
Scientific research over the years has shown incredible positive effects of taking a nature walk. Listed below are some therapeutic
If you find that you are restless the night before a big event and if you’re having difficulty falling asleep – not to worry. Your mind (and body) are preparing you for something important. However if your inability to sleep soundly occurs night after night for an extended period of time, you might begin
We’re either taught from a young age, or we pick up from movies, TV, etc., that our ‘soulmate’ is out there, somewhere. Unfortunately, more often than not, it’s the guy we’re swooning over on TV that we think will end up being that soulmate of ours. It’s easy to be quickly reminded of late
According to arttherapy.org Art Therapy is defined this way…
Art therapy is a mental health profession in which clients, facilitated by the art therapist, use art media, the creative process, and the resulting artwork to explore their feelings, reconcile emotional conflicts, foster self-awareness, manage behavior and addictions, develop social skills, improve reality orientation, reduce anxiety, and